Sacred Places and Other Buildings with Stained Glass

Click each link to learn more. Unless otherwise noted, all are in the New Orleans/Metairie Metro.

 

Academy of the Sacred Heart
Algiers United Methodist Church
All Saints Mausoleum (document, plans)
Annunciation Catholic Church (closed)
Ascension of Our Lord Catholic Church, Donaldsonville
Ascension of Our Lord Catholic Church, LaPlace
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Plattenville
Blessed Francis Xavier Seelos Catholic Church
Cabrini High School Chapel
Central St. Matthew United Church of Christ
Château de Notre Dame Chapel
Christ Church Cathedral, Episcopal, New Orleans
Christ Episcopal Church, Bay Saint Louis
Christ Episcopal Church, Covington
Christ Episcopal Church, Napoleonville
Congregation Beth Israel 
Congregation Chevra Thilim (closed)
Congregation Gates of Prayer
Convent of the Discalced Carmelites (closed)
Fellowship Missionary Baptist Church (closed)
First Baptist Church
First Grace United Methodist Church
First Presbyterian Church, Baton Rouge
First Presbyterian Church, New Orleans (document, symbols)
First Unitarian Universalist Church
First United Methodist Church, Baton Rouge
Gentilly Presbyterian Church (closed)
Grace Episcopal Church and St. Matthias Chapel (closed)
Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church
Grace United Methodist Church (closed)
Historic St. James Methodist (AME) Church
Holy Angels Academy Chapel (closed) (document, images)
Holy Cross School, Brothers’ Chapel (closed)
Holy Ghost Catholic Church, St. Katharine Drexel Parish
Holy Name of Jesus Catholic Church
Holy Name of Mary Catholic Church
Holy Trinity Catholic Church (closed).
Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral
Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Baronne Street (document, image)
Immaculate Conception Catholic Church, Marrero
Immanuel Evangelical Lutheran Church
Incarnate Word Catholic Church (closed)
Jackson Avenue Evangelical Church
Jesuit High School Priests’ Chapel
Lake Lawn Park Mausoleum
Lakeview Presbyterian Church
Main Street United Methodist Church, Bay Saint Louis
Mater Dolorosa Catholic Church
Metairie Baptist Church
Metairie Cemetery & Lake Lawn Park Mausoleum (document, map, floor plans)
Metairie Ridge Presbyterian Church
Most Holy Trinity Catholic Church, Covington
Mount Olivet Episcopal Church
National Votive Shrine of Our Lady of Prompt Succor (Ursuline Academy Chapel)
Newcomb College Chapel and Woldenberg Art Center
Notre Dame Seminary Chapel
Our Lady of Fatima Catholic Church, Biloxi
Our Lady of Fatima Traditional Catholic Church, Lacombe
Our Lady of Good Counsel Catholic Church
Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Chapel
Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church (closed)
Our Lady of Prompt Succor Catholic Church, Chalmette
Our Lady of the Gulf Catholic Church, Bay Saint Louis
Our Lady of the Lake Catholic Church, Mandeville
Our Lady of the Rosary Catholic Church
Our Lady Star of the Sea Catholic Church
Poor Clare Monastery (document, image)
Rayne Memorial Baptist Church
Redeemer Evangelical Lutheran Church / Christ Temple of New Orleans
Round Table Club
Sacred Heart Catholic Chapel, Carville
Sacred Heart of Jesus Catholic Church, Lacombe
Sacred Heart of Jesus Catholic Church, Morgan City
Sacred Heart of Jesus Catholic Church, New Orleans (closed) (document, letter)
Saint Mary’s Chapel, French Quarter
Salem United Church of Christ
St. Agnes Catholic Church
St. Alphonsus Art & Cultural Center
St. Angela Merici Catholic Church
St. Ann Catholic Church, Bay Saint Louis
St. Ann Catholic Church and International Shrine, Metairie
St. Anna’s Episcopal Church
St. Anne Catholic Church, Napoleonville
St. Anthony of Padua Catholic Church
St. Augustine Catholic Church
St. Augustine Episcopal Church, Metairie
St. Bernard Parish Courthouse, Chalmette
St. Catherine of Siena Catholic Church
St. Cecilia Catholic Church (closed)
St. Charles Avenue Presbyterian Church and Chapel
St. Charles Borromeo Catholic Church, Destrehan
St. Charles Borromeo Catholic Church, Thibodaux
St. Christopher the Martyr Catholic Church, Metairie
St. Clement of Rome Catholic Church, Metairie
St. David Catholic Church
St. Dominic Catholic Church
St. Edward the Confessor Catholic Church, Metairie
St. Elizabeth Catholic Church, Paincourtville
St. Frances Xavier Cabrini Catholic Church (closed)
St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Church
St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church, Metairie
St. Genevieve Catholic Church, Slidell
St. George Catholic Church, Baton Rouge
St. George Episcopal Church
St. Henry Catholic Church
St. James Episcopal Church, Baton Rouge
St. James Major Catholic Church
St. Jane de Chantal Catholic Church, Abita Springs
St. Joan of Arc Catholic Church
St. John Bosco Chapel, Marrero
St. John Evangelical Lutheran Church
St. John’s Episcopal Church, Thibodaux
St. John the Baptist Church, Edgard
St. John the Baptist Church, Folsom
St. John the Baptist Church, New Orleans
St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church, Thibodaux
St. Joseph Cathedral, Baton Rouge
St. Joseph Catholic Church, Gretna
St. Joseph Catholic Church, New Orleans
St. Joseph Catholic Church, Paulina
St. Joseph Co-Cathedral, Thibodaux
St. Katharine Drexel Chapel, Xavier University
St. Louis Cathedral
St. Luke Episcopal Church
St. Mark Catholic Church, Ama
St. Martin’s Episcopal Church, Metairie
St. Mary Chapel
St. Mary’s Assumption Catholic Church
St. Maurice Catholic Church (closed)
St. Michael Catholic Church, Biloxi
St. Michael the Archangel Catholic Church, Convent
St. Patrick’s Catholic Church
St. Paul Episcopal Church
St. Paul Lutheran Church, Baton Rouge
St. Paul Lutheran Church, New Orleans
St. Peter Catholic Church, Covington
St. Peter Catholic Church, Reserve (document, floor plan)
St. Peter Claver Catholic Church
St. Philomena Catholic Church, Labadieville
St. Pius X Catholic Church
St. Raymond and St. Leo the Great Catholic Church
St. Rita Catholic Church
St. Roch Cemetery and Chapel
St. Rose de Lima Catholic Church, Waveland
St. Rose of Lima Catholic Church (closed)
St. Stephen Catholic Church
St. Theresa of Avila Catholic Church
St. Thomas the Apostle Catholic Church, Long Beach
Sts. Peter and Paul Catholic Church (closed)
Temple Sinai
Thomas Hall, Loyola University
Tilton Hall, Tulane University
Touro Synagogue
Transfiguration of the Lord Catholic Church
Trinity Episcopal Church, Baton Rouge
Trinity Episcopal Church, Morgan City
Trinity Episcopal Church, New Orleans
Trinity Lutheran Church
Zion Lutheran Church
 
 
Stained Glass Art in Sacred Places Tours
March 1989 — May 2018

Rattling around in school buses not designed for adult knees, the Stained Glass Art in Sacred Places group led friends of stained glass to about eight churches a year for almost thirty years. Some of our presentations were better than others, some of the religious sites or the windows were quite modest, but that was part of the adventure. And we did, mercifully, engage luxury coaches for our out-of-town trips.

Back in the days of the World’s Fair in New Orleans, the coordinators of volunteers for the Vatican Exhibit, Susan E. Levy and Blanche M. Comiskey, were chatting one day, admiring the art work on display. Susan commented, “You know, New Orleans too has spectacular religious art and stained glass windows.” From that innocent observation emerged these wonderful tours.

In all, we studied the windows in about 140 buildings. Many times tour goers confessed, “My parents (grandparents) were married here, yet I’ve never been inside before.” Or, “I’ve driven by this buildings hundreds of times, and now I get to see the inside.”

The following descriptions of individual places of worship are updated versions of the art notes that we distributed with each tour. For many sacred places, lengthier publications are available, and many are cited in the art notes. We apologize for the inevitable factual errors. A small number of general works on New Orleans churches are available now, and we look forward to the publication of many more.

Contributors to this project were many. The numerous volunteers are listed on a separate page. What a great group! Many were fountains of information about the legacy of religious institutions in and around the city. When we met to plan a tour, the itinerary created itself as if by magic.

The sacred places listed here graciously welcomed us, sometimes even providing presenters or snacks and much-appreciated water. Our presenters often went to sanctuaries many times to prepare for the tour, and the red carpet was always out. Thank you!

These outings would not have been possible without the sponsorship of the Preservation Resource Center. The PRC provided publicity and tolerated our occasional financial losses when attendance was low, as our goal mirrored that of the PRC: to share and protect our wonderful New Orleans heritage.

Thank you to the Places of Worship and the Preservation Resource Center many times over

— Patty Andrews, January 4, 2022

 

 

Stained Glass Art in Sacred Places
Committee Members and PRC Staff
Founders: Blanche Comiskey and Susan Levy
Elizabeth Anderson (PRC)
Patty Andrews
Jeanie Attenhofer
Ken Attenhofer
Louis Aubert
Dan Baudier
Virginia Brodt
Janice Catledge
Cindy Courage
Marcia Curole
Mary Jo Day
Danielle Del Sol (PRC)
Arletta de Levee
Estelle de Verges
Barbara Del Do
Gary Delaumont
Lynne Dupuy
Kathleen Faherty
Mary Fitzpatrick (PRC)
Patty Gay (PRC)
Donna Gibson
George Groetsch
Joe Groetsch
Pat Groetsch
Yvonne Groetsch
Dione Harmon
Alicia Heard
Scott Hutcheson (PRC)
B. L. Jarboe
Barbara Jeanfrau
Michelle Kimball (PRC)
Mary LaCoste
Susan Langenhennig (PRC)
Sheila Larmann
Albert Lips
Linda Livingston
Paulette Lizano
Dorothy Mahan
Jane Meneray
Anne Middleton
Jessica Mumma
Harriet Murrell
Averil Oberhelman (PRC)
Jane O’Connor
Mélida Olivier
Melanie Peacock
Steve Rutledge
Keli Rylance
Bill Serban
MaryDee Spillett
Laura Stewart
Laura Symmes
Pame Tanner
Brian Thomas
Mary White
Robert Zanca

 

 

Glossary

Antique glass – Hand-rolled, mouth-blown glass that has the irregular texture of medieval glass; can be clear or colored.

Apse – A semicircular chancel, often projecting.

Art glass – Windows made predominately of opalescent glass in the American style.

Baroque – Stylistically similar to an art style in of 17th characterized by bold ornamentation, complex-ity, flamboyance, and irregular shapes.

Bull’s-eye glass – Crown glass that includes the mark where the glass blower’s metal rod was attached.

Came – Extruded lead strip with an H-shaped channel to hold individual pieces of glass in a stained-glass window.

Canopy – Glass framework within a window imitating an architectural niche and surrounding figures or a scene.

Cartoon – Full-size drawing for a stained-glass window; pattern for cutting the glass.

Cathedral glass – Commercial, machine-rolled stained glass; clear or colored.

Chancel – Part of a church reserved for the clergy and participants in the service; includes the altar. Sometimes the word “sanctuary” is restricted to this part of the church.

Chi rho – A sacred monogram composed of an intertwined X and P; first two letters of the Greek word Xpictoc, meaning Christ.

Choir – Part of the church in which choristers usually sit.

Clerestory – Upper part of the nave, transepts, and choir of a church containing windows.

Crackle glass – Antique glass with a crackled texture that is created in the cooling process.

Crown glass – The shape is made by blowing molten glass into the shape of a globe, then opening it up by spinning to form a flat disc.

Cylinder glass (Muff glass) – A form of hand-blown stained glass; made by cutting off the end of an elongated balloon of glass; the resulting cylinder is split along its length and opened to form a flattened sheet.

Dalle-de-verre – Pieces of glass, usually about an inch thick and often chipped; these are set into epoxy, epoxy resin, or concrete (Fr.: “glass slab or flagstone”). A modern technique, also called Faceted glass.

Diaper work – A surface decoration composed of small repeated patterns, often geometric figures, interconnected with continuous lines.

Dove – Symbol of the Holy Spirit.

Drapery glass – Opalescent glass formed into ridges to resemble drapery folds; created by Louis C. Tiffany.

East The end of a church containing the altar, regardless of its compass orientation.

Enamel – Opaque vitreous color applied to glass; when fired, it changes to a transparent color; first used in late medieval Europe.

Favrile glass – Iridescent glass, patented by Tiffany in 1894; created by exposing hot glass to metallic fumes or oxides.

Fenestration – Arrangement of windows in a wall.

Firing – The process of heating painted glass so that paint fuses smoothly and securely.

Flashed glassMade from layered glass of different colors. The artist etches or sandblasts away part of the outer layer to create a multi-toned, shaded design. Often used with red outside and yellow within.

Fleur de lis – Represents both the trinity and the lily, the symbol of virginity, purity, and the Virgin Mary.  Also symbolizes the Annunciation.

Foil – Small arc opening in Gothic tracery; a prefix indicates the number of openings: trefoil, quatrefoil, or cinquefoil.

Four Evangelists and their symbols – 

Matthew: man

Mark: lion or winged lion

Luke: ox or winged ox

John: eagle

Glass paint – A mixture of finely ground glass, metallic oxides, and a liquid mixing agent (such as gum arabic). Once painted on glass, it is fired at 1200 to fuse it permanently to the glass; used in early medieval Europe. Also called Vitreous enamel.

Gothic – Architectural style developed in 12thB16th- century Europe; characteristics include slender piers and pointed arches and vaulting; advances in distributing building weight increased the space for windows.

Grisaille – Clear glass ornamented with delicate, often foliar, patterns of a single, muted color to produce a three-dimensional effect.

Jewel – Cast or faceted, polished nugget of glass inserted into windows for a decorative effect.

IHS or IHC – A sacred monogram from the Greek spelling of Jesus, Ihsoys or Ihcoyc.

Leaded glass – Small panes of glass held in place with lead strips (cames); the glass may be clear or stained.

Mullion – A slender vertical member that divides units of a window or door; can be purely decorative.

Narthex – Vestibule at the back of a church.

Nave – The long, narrow main part or central aisle of a church.

Nimbus – An indication of radiant light or glory about the head of a divinity; halo.

Opalescent glass – Glass developed by John LaFarge and Louis Tiffany in the late 19th century. Variegated streaks of color, when fused, have a milky, iridescent appearance. Variations in the glass can replace painting.

Oxides – Metallic oxides used to give molten glass its colors.

Reredos – An ornamental screen behind the altar.

Romanesque – Architectural predecessor to Gothic. Characterized by rounded (barrel) vaults, round-headed windows, & square bell towers with a low-pitched roof.

Rose window – Circular window with tracery radiating in petal-like shapes.

Saddle bar – A round horizontal bar connected to the outer wooden sash (frame) with copper tie wires to stabilize the window.

Sandwich glass.  See Flashed glass

Silver stain – Silver compound, usually silver nitrate, that produces a yellow color when fused to glass through firing.

Support bars – Iron or aluminum bars set in the exterior frame of a window to add strength.

Saddle bars are lighter and serve the same function on the inside.

Tracery – Ornamental stonework with branching lines, especially in the upper part of a Gothic-style window. In modern times the tracery is sometimes painted on the glass itself.

Transept – The part of a cruciform church that crosses the long axis between the nave and the chancel.

Sources:
Jeanie A. Attenhofer, personal communication.
Census of Stained-glass Windows in America. Conservation and Restoration of Stained Glass: An Owner’s Guide 1988.
Post, W. Ellwood. Saints, Signs, and Symbols. 2d ed. Wilton, CT: Morehouse-Barlow Co., 1974.
Tutag, Nola Huse. Discovering Stained Glass in Detroit. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1987.